Although the aforementioned multilateral trade agreements have generally not resulted in the expected liberalization of intra-Arab trade, they have shown a positive attitude towards Arab economic integration. Section II will continue to examine the impact of Multilateral Trade Agreements of Arab countries by examining changes in trade structures, both regionally and sub-regionally. The second period (1982-89) is not a normal period to measure the ratio of intra-Arab trade volume to per capita income, with both variables tending to decline. This is another reason to express reservations about the document`s assessments of the impact of domestic elasticity on domestic trade demand during this period. The same is true for the other elasticity results in Tables 7 and 9. There is therefore a need to strengthen research in this area. Currency restrictions on imports. The pre-caution required for certain sums of money is another important restrictive measure imposed by many Arab countries to limit imports. Appendix 3 indicates that 12 Arab countries require pre-deposits for imports. These deposits range from 10 to 100% of the c.i.f. value. Some Arab countries require this percentage to be deposited in foreign currency.
Similarly, these monetary restrictions influence foreign trade in general and intra-international trade in particular, because they tend to freeze intra-Albanian patterns. In addition to promoting intra-Arab trade through the institutional framework of multilateral trade agreements, Arab countries have also established a financing and guarantee mechanism for financing and guaranteeing domestic trade. This subsection examines the role and benefits of the Arab Trade Financing Program (ATFP) in promoting intra-Arab trade. Given that the program has only recently begun operations and intra-commercial funding data are not available, the following debate is not an attempt to assess the performance of such a program. The Arab League has a long history of trying to promote trade and economic cooperation between its member states, with several initiatives taken in the 1950s and 1960s. Non-tariff barriers differ from tariffs. While tariffs have a direct impact on import costs, non-tariff barriers are measures to limit imports (or exports) through administrative decisions.
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